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The award-winning Phase Change Matters blog tracks the latest news and research on phase change materials and thermal energy storage. E-mail tips and comments to Ben Welter, communications director at Entropy Solutions. Follow the blog on Twitter at @PureTemp. Subscribe to the weekly PCM newsletter. Or join the discussion on LinkedIn.

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Patent application: Thermal interface composite material

Ben Welter - Friday, September 28, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180277910 (applicant Regents of the University of California, Oakland, Calif.):

"A composite thermal interface material and methods are shown. Devices such as lithium ion batteries incorporating composite thermal interface materials show significant improvement in cooling performance. In one example, composite thermal interface materials shown provide cooling through both a phase change mechanism, and a heat conducting mechanism which directs heat away from the device to be cooled, such as electrochemical cells in a battery, to an external housing and/or a coupled heat exchange device such as radiating fins."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180277910.pdf

Patent application: Thermal energy storage phase change materials comprising triamines

Ben Welter - Friday, September 28, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180273819 (applicant Entropy Solutions LLC, Plymouth, Minn.)

"This invention generally relates to phase change materials, thermoregulation, thermal protection and insulation. In particular, in alternative embodiments, provided are organic Phase Change Materials having different chemical moieties including triamines, nitriles, anhydrides and/or benzoic acid and combinations thereof. ... In alternative embodiments, the Phase Change Material (PCMs) compositions and products of manufacture are used for thermal energy management and temperature stabilization in various applications such as building and insulation materials, automotive, airline, weapons systems, computers and electronics, clothing, packaging, cookware, garment and footwear, pharmaceuticals and drug storage systems, and other food and energy storage and temperature stabilization systems."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180273819.pdf

Patent application: Low remnant free microcapsules and method of making same

Ben Welter - Friday, September 28, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180273820 (applicant Microtek Laboratories Inc., Dayton, Ohio)

"A microcapsule or microcapsule having a polymer wall comprising a melamine formaldehyde reacted with a crosslinking agent to form a unit cell according to a general formula (II) and/or the polymer wall has a FT-IR Spectrum as shown in FIG. 4. The crosslinking agent is a mixture of a reaction product of a cyclic urea (U) and a multifunctional aldehyde (A), and at least one crosslinker selected from the following group: a reaction products of (i) an aminotriazine and at least one aldehyde selected from the group consisting of aliphatic monoaldehydes and multifunctional aliphatic aldehydes, (ii) urea and/or cyclic ureas and formaldehyde, or (iii) phenols and aliphatic monoaldehydes, or from alkoxycarbonylaminotriazines, or multifunctional isocyanates, epoxides, aziridines, and carbodiimides."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180273820.pdf

Patent application: Articulated panel for thermal insulation

Ben Welter - Sunday, September 23, 2018

Hutchinson patent drawingU.S. patent application 20180266619 (applicant Hutchinson, Paris, France):

"An assembly comprising a structure provided with an interior volume in which is present for example at least one fluid capable of circulating in said volume and under the action of circulation means. Thermally insulating elements of VIP construction are arranged around a layer containing a PCM and extending around the peripheral wall that surrounds the volume. Protrusions fixed to the peripheral wall delimited spaces in which the thermally insulating elements are positioned."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180266619.pdf

Patent application: Body support cushion with multiple layers of phase change material

Ben Welter - Sunday, September 23, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180263377 (applicant Tempur-Pedic Management LLC, Lexington, Ky.):

"A body support cushion, e.g., mattress, has multiple foam layers, including a viscoelastic foam layer and a reticulated foam layer, and an outer cover. At least one of the foam layers and the outer cover each includes phase change material having latent heat properties that provide two intervals of dermal cooling."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180263377.pdf

Patent application: PCM panel and charging unit for cooling a cabinet of a merchandiser

Ben Welter - Sunday, September 23, 2018

Coca-Cola patent drawing

U.S. patent application 20180266739 (applicant The Coca-Cola Co., Atlanta, Georgia):

"A phase change material panel for cooling a cabinet of a merchandiser is disclosed. The panel may include a refrigerant tube, an outer jacket surrounding the refrigerant tube, and a phase change material positioned between the refrigerant tube and the outer jacket and in contact with the refrigerant tube. ... The panel [shown at right] may be charged at or near the point-of-sale or remotely therefrom, such as at a warehouse, on a truck, at a distribution center, or the like and brought to the merchandiser."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180266739.pdf

Patent application: Core-shell triggered release systems

Ben Welter - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

RTI core shell patent drawingU.S. patent application 20180258340 (applicant Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, N.C.):

"The present disclosure relates to delivery and release systems, such as core-shell particles. An exemplary composition according to the disclosure can include a carrier element forming an outer shell that defines an inner core. The core can include a reactive agent that is adapted to react with the shell, particularly at an inner interface of the shell with the core materials. The reaction can provide an inside-out degradation of the shell and release of one or more materials therein. The reactive agent may be separated from the shell, such as using a phase change material (PCM). Upon reaching specific environmental conditions, the PCM can change so as the release the reactive agent for reaction with the shell. The systems can be used in various methods to deliver a material to various environments, including underground reservoirs."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180258340.pdf

Patent application: Battery cell including phase change material

Ben Welter - Thursday, September 06, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180254533 (applicant LG Chem Ltd., Seoul, South Korea):

"The present invention provides a battery cell of a plate shape, including: an electrode assembly in which a separator is interposed between a positive electrode and a negative electrode, wherein the electrode assembly may be mounted on a receiving part; and sealing parts formed by heat fusion at an external side of the receiving part, wherein lateral sealing parts adjacent to one of the sealing parts at which an electrode terminal is positioned may closely contact an outer surface of the receiving part while being bent toward the receiving part of a battery case, and a phase change material (PCM) that is phase-changed in response to a thermal change may be added to surplus surfaces of the lateral sealing parts or to surplus spaces between the receiving parts and the bent lateral sealing parts."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180254533.pdf

Patent application: Cooling beach blanket

Ben Welter - Thursday, September 06, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180249849 (inventor Christopher Wilkinson, Brooklyn, N.Y.):

Beach cooling blanket patent drawing"A personal cooling system for controlling personal body temperature at the beach comprises a first layer having a first edge region defining a size and a shape of the first layer, the first layer comprising a cooling gel pack, wherein the gel pack has an outer surface and a plurality of compartments for storing a temperature-controlling ingredient therein; a second layer having a second edge region defining a size and a shape of the second layer; and an outside bag, to an inside surface of the outside bag the first layer and the second layer are attached. The second layer in the system further comprises a liquid dispenser that is embedded in the mesh material of the second layer. The actions of the cooling system and the dispenser can be controlled by a remote controller."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180249849.pdf

Patent application: Wall panel with phase change material

Ben Welter - Thursday, September 06, 2018

U.S. patent application 20180251986 (applicant Max Life LLC, Salisbury, N.C.):

Max Life wall panel patent drawing"A wall panel may have a layer made from magnesium oxide, a first insulation layer made from a two-part rigid urethane pour foam, and a second insulation layer made from a phase change material. The first insulation layer maybe chemically bonded to the magnesium oxide layer and may also be bonded to the phase change layer. The first insulation layer may be positioned between the second insulation layer and the magnesium oxide layer. The magnesium oxide layer may be a finished surface or a veneer layer may be applied to the magnesium oxide layer."

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/20180251986.pdf